peroneal nerve contusion

A blow or injury to the peroneal nerve could result in a peroneal nerve contusion. The peroneal nerve branches off of the sciatic nerve and runs down the lower the lower leg to provide for the peroneal muscles. The peroneal nerve contusion is often a result of a blow during a sporting event.

            Signs and symptoms of a peroneal nerve contusion can include tingling or numbness in the lower leg and sometimes the top of the foot. If the contusion or injury is austere then the foot may not be able to be lifted, due to rendering the nerve’s ability to serve the peroneal muscles. The lower anterior leg and the dorsum of the foot may become sensitive, weakened, and a slapping gait may become apparent (Bahr, 2004).
            The cause of injury is due to sports that have a high occurrence of stretch or contusions to the peroneal nerve area. Sports that have higher rates of peroneal nerve contusions include football, rugby, and soccer. A peroneal nerve contusion may be a result of a fibula fracture, knee dislocation, repeated pressure on the outer knee, and injury during surgery (Dugdale, 2011).
            The treatment and outcome of the individual’s injury will depend upon the severity of the peroneal nerve contusion. For some cases corticosteroids may be injected to reduce the inflammation and pressure on the nerve, surgery could be an option, and physical therapy may also be a form of treatment to enhance muscular strength (Dugdale, 2011). Ice and heat may also be recommended, but if sensation is loss in the skin then the patient should be extra careful about the use of ice and heat. Again, depending upon the severity of the injury, the patient may have atrophy in the leg and a physical therapy program will most likely be implemented. If the peroneal nerve injury is substantial in the knee-level then a graft repair will often be the prognosis of the nerve repair (Cho, 2011).
            Recovery time can be lengthy, due to the delicacy of the healing process of a nerve. The treatment may be to let the nerve grow back on its own and this could take several months or the injury may be severe enough to permanently disable the individual.
References:
Bahr, R., & Maehlum, S. (2004). Clinical guide to sports injuries. Campaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Cho, D., Saetia, K., Kline, D., & Kim, D. (2011, November). Peroneal nerve injury associated with sports-related knee injury. Retrieved December 27, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22044100

Dugdale, D. (2011, September 26). Common peroneal nerve dysfunction. Retrieved December 27, 2012, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000791.htm

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